In the hills of Garhwal, the two major passes to Tibet (China) are Niti and Mana. These two passes were used by traders of Tibet and India before 1962, which were closed later. These two beautiful valleys were developed due to trading and fertile atmosphere, which are at an elevation from 3000 m to 5800 m.
These valleys are surrounded by many beautiful snow covered mountains, trees, forests and rivers. Many small villages and temples can be seen in these mountains range.
The community is a group of people living in the trans-Himalayan regions of India - Tibet border in Garhwali hills. Tibet is known as Bhot. Being connected with Tibet, the community of Niti and Mana valleys is officially named as Bhotia. The community is also referred as Rongpa in the valley. The word “Rongpa” derives from the words "Rung" and “Pa”. Where Rung means Valley and Pa means inhabitants. Bhotia community inhabit in the valleys (Niti and Mana) of District Chamoli of Uttarakhand.